Jacob arrived to Egypt when he was 130 years old and had 66 children (Gen. 47:9; 46:26). The offspring of Jacob multiplied in Egypt in total freedom for 70 years, until the death of Joseph. When Joseph arrived he was 39 years old, for he came to Pharaoh when he was 30, and seven years of abundance and two years of famine had passed when he sent for his father Jacob (Gen. 41:46; 45:6-9). Now Joseph died when he reached 110 years of age (Gen. 50:22). Subtracting 39, his age when his father arrived, from 110, we have 71 years, in which the people multiplied in complete freedom. After the death of Joseph there rose another Pharaoh who did not know Joseph, who began to oppress the people of Israel (Ex. 1:8-11). How long did this last? Levi, Joseph’s youngest brother, begot Kohath (Ex. 6:16). Kohath begot Amram (Ex. 6:18). And Amram begot Moses. The children of Jacob were all married when they got to Egypt, and Jacob had already 53 grandchildren (Gen. 46:26). So, Kohath begot Amram in Egypt, and Amram begot Moses in Egypt. I believe that these two generations came into being in 50 years, which put together with the 80 years of Moses’ age when he was called, ads up 130 years (Acts 7:23,29,30). They were 200 years of life in Egypt, learning to worship the thirteen gods of Egypt, and getting corrupted in Egypt.
It is obvious that the people of Israel, after 200 years of corruption, were not going to become holy just by hearing Jehovah proclaim the law on Mount Sinai, in the middle of the sound of trumpets, lightening and thunder (Heb. 12:18-21). No one upon hearing five sentences is able to repeat them by heart, let alone ten sentences, which was the number of the commandments.
Jehovah delivered the people by the hand of Moses through the operation of ten plagues before the eyes of the Egyptians. Leaving Egypt they crossed the Red Sea on dry feet, and saw the armies of Pharaoh destroyed by the fury of the sea. They were taken to the Mount Sinai where Jehovah verbally proclaimed the Ten Commandments with the voice of many waters. The sight was so terrifying, that Moses himself trembled and feared (Heb. 12:21). After this Moses came up the mountain and stayed there for 40 days. The people, thinking that Moses had abandoned them, demanded that Aaron made for them a golden calf, with the rings and bracelets of gold that were brought from the plunder of Egypt (Ex. 12:35-36). The calf was like the Apis bull, the highest expression of deity, and much worshipped in Egypt, which had not less than thirteen deities. Then the people, in the following day, offered sacrifices to the Apis bull. And the people sat down to eat and drink, and afterwards they rose up to play (Ex. 32:6).
Moses came down from the mountain, and seeing all that babel, for the people were naked (Ex. 32:25), he threw the tablets out of his hands and broke them; then he burnt the calf with fire and ground it to powder (Ex. 32:19-20). HE WAS BRAKING THE COVENANT OF THE LAW WHICH JEHOVAH HAD PLANNED TO DO WITH HIS PEOPLE ISRAEL, HIS FIRSTBORN SON (Ex. 4:22). The punishment of the rebellion was the death of 3,000 men by the sword of the children of Levi, in order that the blessing of Jehovah would come again (Ex. 32:25-29).
Stephen, the first martyr of Christianity, describes the apostolic vision of this entire episode: “This is that Moses, who said to the children of Israel, ‘The Lord our God will raise up a prophet for you from among your brothers, like me.’ This is he who was in the assembly in the wilderness with the angel that spoke to him on Mount Sinai, and with our fathers, who received living oracles to give to us, to whom our fathers wouldn’t be obedient, but rejected him, and turned back in their hearts to Egypt, saying to Aaron, ‘Make us gods that will go before us, for as for this Moses, who led us out of the land of Egypt, we don’t know what has become of him.’ They made a calf in those days, and brought a sacrifice to the idol, and rejoiced in the works of their hands. But God turned, and gave them up to serve the army of the sky, as it is written in the book of the prophets, ‘Did you offer to me slain animals and sacrifices forty years in the wilderness, O house of Israel? You took up the tabernacle of Moloch, the star of your god Rephan, the figures which you made to worship. I will carry you away beyond Babylon’” (Acts 7:37-43).
Let us look closely at it: Jehovah considered the sin of Israel unforgivable. So he abandoned them and delivered them to serve the armies of Heaven. What is the “armies of heaven”? Jehovah forbid the people to worship idols saying: “And lest you lift up your eyes to the sky, and when you see the sun and the moon and the stars, even all the army of the sky, you are drawn away and worship them, and serve them, which Jehovah your God has allotted to all the peoples under the whole sky” (Deut. 4:19). Jehovah delivered Israel to worship the army of heaven before delivering them from the idols of Egypt. He also abandoned them for 40 years in the desert. The star of the god Rephan is Saturn, the planet that looks like a star to us.
Jehovah not only abandoned the people, spiritually, but also left them. He said to Moses, after the episode of the calf: “I will send an angel before you; and I will drive out the Canaanite, the Amorite, and the Hittite, and the Perizzite, the Hivite, and the Jebusite: to a land flowing with milk and honey: for I will not go up in the midst of you, for you are a stiff-necked people, lest I consume you in the way” (Ex. 33:2-3). The angel of Jehovah was evil and left the Canaanites in the land (Judges 2:1-3). And the angel said that he would leave the Canaanites there so that their gods would be traps for Israel. The believers do not know that the angel was evil because they cannot read Hebrew and the theologians do not instruct them. Num. 22:22 says that the angel of Jehovah is Satan, but the Bible translations render it, “adversary,” and repeat it in Num. 22:32.
The truth is that after 40 years Jehovah did not return to Israel. About the times of the judges, which lasted about 400 years, it is written: “In those days there was no king in Israel: every man did that which was right in his own eyes” (Judges 17:6).
ANARCHY was established!
Ezra, the scribe, in the year 457 before Jesus Christ, said to us: “Since the days of our fathers we have been exceeding guilty to this day; and for our iniquities we, our kings, and our priests, have been delivered into the hand of the kings of the lands, to the sword, to captivity, to plunder, and to confusion of face, as it is this day” (Ezra 9:7).
Finally, Jehovah declares: “After the number of the days in which you spied out the land, even forty days, for every day a year, you will bear your iniquities, even forty years, and you will know my alienation” (Num. 14:34). Jehovah delivered them from Egypt with the promise that he would take them to a paradisiacal land, but abandoned them in the desert in the hands of an evil angel.
By Pastor Olavo Silveira Pereira