Adam, in the Hebrew, Adom, is translated “lord”. Adam was Lord, and Paul tells us that he was a type of the Messiah. “Nevertheless death reigned from Adam until Moses, even over those who had not sinned in the likeness of Adam’s offense, who is a type of Him who was to come” (Rom. 5:14).
We will compare the acts of Adam to the acts of Jesus Christ to see if he is in fact a type of Jesus, for Jesus is the last Adam: “So also it is written, ‘The first man, Adam, became a living soul.’ The last Adam became a life-giving spirit” (1 Cor. 15:45). Because Jesus is the last Adam, and the first one is Adam, it is obvious that the first one would be a type of Jesus Christ. Let us compare the type with the original:
- The first Adam came from the earth, according to Gen. 2:7, which says: “Then Jehovah God formed man of the dust from the ground, and breathed into his nostrils the breath of life.” The last Adam, Jesus, came from heaven: “For I have come down from heaven, not to do My own will, but the will of Him who sent Me” (John 6:38).
- The first Adam sinned, but Jesus, the last Adam, obeyed (Rom. 5:12). “And being found in appearance as a man, He humbled Himself by becoming obedient to the point of death, even death on a cross” (Phil. 2:8).
- Adam hid his sin in the heart: “Have I covered my transgressions like Adam, by hiding my iniquity in my bosom” (Job. 31:33). Jesus, being pure and holy, assumed our sins and confessed them as his: “…and He himself bore our sins in His body on the cross, that we might die to sin and live to righteousness” (1 Pet. 2:24).
- The first Adam sinned because the tree was evil, for the good tree does not give bad fruit, according to Matt. 7:16-20. Jesus Christ is a good tree, and he did not sin (John 8:46).
- By whishing to be like God, the first Adam revealed that he was haughty and covetous (Gen. 3:4-6). “…Jesus, although he existed in the form of God, did not regard equality with God a thing to be grasped, but emptied Himself, taking the form of a bond-servant” (Phil. 2:6,7).
- Adam was driven out of Paradise because he was unworthy (Gen. 3:22,23). Jesus opened the doors of the Paradise to all, even to thieves, as he said to one of the thieves that were being crucified with him, “…today you shall be with Me in Paradise” (Luke 23:43). Jesus took Paul to Paradise (2 Cor. 12:4).
- The first Adam handed everything over to Satan. “For the creation was subjected to futility, not of its own will, but because of Him who subjected it, in hope that the creation itself will be set free from its slavery to corruption into the freedom of the glory of the children of God” (Rom. 8:20,21). Jesus gives us the power to overcome Satan: “And the great dragon was thrown down, and the serpent of old, who is called the devil and Satan, who deceives the whole world; he was thrown down to the earth, and his angels were thrown down with him. And I heard a loud voice in heaven, saying, ‘Now the salvation, and the power, and the kingdom of our God and the authority of His Christ have come, for the accuser of our brethren has been thrown down, who accuses them before our God day and night. And they overcame him because of the blood of the Lamb” (Rev. 12:9-11).
- The first Adam left us death and disgrace, and the last one brought abundant grace: “…For if by the transgression of the one the many died, much more did the grace of God and the gift by the grace of the one Man, Jesus Christ, abound to the many” (Rom. 5:15).
- Adam brought us judgment and condemnation; Jesus brought justification and salvation. “And the gift is not like that which came through the one who sinned; for on the one hand the judgment arose from one transgression resulting in condemnation, but on the other hand the free gift arose from many transgressions resulting in justification” (Rom. 5:16,18).
- The first Adam brought the kingdom of death of Satan to this world. Jesus, the last Adam, brought to us the kingdom of God. For if by the offense of the one, death reigned through the one, much more those who receive the abundance of grace and of the gift of righteousness will reign in life through the One, Jesus Christ” (Rom. 5:17).
- Adam brought the curse and sin to all humanity (Rom. 5:12; Gal. 3:10). Jesus redeems all men from the curse of the law, becoming himself a curse for us (Gal. 3:13). “And you know that He appeared in order to take away sins; and in Him there is no sin. NO ONE WHO ABIDES IN HIM SINS; NO ONE WHO SINS HAS SEEN HIM OR KNOWS HIM” (1 John 3:5,6; Rom. 6:17,18).
- Adam, a weakling, blamed his wife (Gen. 3:11,12). Jesus, by his love, gave his life for the women to sanctify them: “Husband, love your wives, just as Christ also loved the church and gave Himself up for her; that He might sanctify her” (Eph. 5:25,26).
There are many other differences between the first and the last Adam that prove that Adam is not a type of Christ, for the type reveals similarities, and considering the works of Adam, he was the opposite of Jesus. He could be a type of the devil, not of Jesus. The truth is that the apostle Paul says in Rom. 5:14, that Adam is a type of the one who was to come. If Adam is not a type of Jesus, he is a type of another one, who has not come. Well, the Messiah of Jehovah would be a tyrant king, as the Psalmist say: “Thou shalt break them with a rod of iron. Thou shalt shatter them like earthenware” (Ps. 2:9). “Thy right hand, O Jehovah, is majestic in power, Thy right hand, O Jehovah, shatters the enemy” (Ex. 15:6). “But with righteousness He will judge the poor, and decide with fairness for the afflicted of the earth; and He will strike the earth with the rod of His mouth” (Is. 11:4). “And she gave birth to a son, a male child, who is to rule all the nations with a rod of iron” (Rev. 12:5).
Jesus was gentle and humble (Matt. 11:29). Instead of punishing the wicked, he gave his life for them.“…I did not come to call the righteous, but sinners” (2 Cor. 5:19).
It looks like the awaited Messiah of Israel has not come and will never come. If he by any chance came, he would have destroyed his people, like Adam did, for Adam is a type of him, and a terrible type. The Father, who is all love, wants to save all men, and would have never sent this despotic Messiah promised by Jehovah.
By Pastor Olavo Silveira Pereira