There are, as we have said, two testaments: the Old and the New. In the Old one, Jehovah was the head, and in the New one, Jesus is the head. Paul Says: “Having the eyes of your hearts enlightened, that you may know what is the hope of his calling, and what are the riches of the glory of his inheritance in the saints, and what is the exceeding greatness of his power toward us who believe, according to that working of the strength of his might which he worked in Christ, when he raised him from the dead, and made him to sit at his right hand in the heavenly places, far above all rule, and authority, and power, and dominion, and every name that is named, not only in this age, but also in that which is to come. He put all things in subjection under his feet, and gave him to be head over all things for the assembly, which is his body, the fullness of him who fills all in all” (Eph. 1:18-23).
In the Old Testament everything was a shadow, for Paul says: “Let no one therefore judge you in eating, or in drinking, or with respect to a feast day or a new moon or a Sabbath day, which are a shadow of the things to come; but the body is Christ’s” (Col. 2:16-17). “For the law, having a shadow of the good to come, not the very image of the things, can never with the same sacrifices year by year, which they offer continually, make perfect those who draw near” (Heb. 10:1). A shadow is a shadow; it is not even an image.
In the New Testament all things are light. Jesus said: “I am the light of the world. He who follows me will not walk in the darkness, but will have the light of life’” (John 8:12). Let us compare the things of darkness with the things of the light:
- Jehovah commands: “You have heard that it was said, ‘You shall love your neighbor, and hate your enemy’” (Matt. 5:43). I, however, tell you, says Jesus: “Love your enemies, bless those who curse you, do good to those who hate you, and pray for those who mistreat you and persecute you” (Matt. 5:44). Jesus not only demands much more than Jehovah does, but he also goes against the dark commands of this odious god.
- Jehovah places the world in the hearts of men (Eccl. 3:11). Jesus, however, reveals that the world hates him, whereby he testifies that its works are evil (John 7:7). The apostle John, the most intimate disciple to Christ, says: “Don’t love the world, neither the things that are in the world. If anyone loves the world, the Father’s love isn’t in him. For all that is in the world, the lust of the flesh, the lust of the eyes, and the pride of life, isn’t the Father’s, but is the world’s. The world is passing away with its lusts, but he who does God’s will remains forever” (1 John 2:15-17). To place the world in the hearts of men is to place there the desire of the flesh; so Jehovah places the desire of the flesh in our hearts. This is what John reveals. And James tells us: “You adulterers and adulteresses, don’t you know that friendship with the world is enmity with God? Whoever therefore wants to be a friend of the world makes himself an enemy of God” (James 4:4). If Jehovah were Jesus, or the Father, by placing the world in the hearts of men, he would make them his enemies, what is absolutely absurd; therefore, Jehovah is friends with Satan.
- Jehovah is in favor of the carnal desire, for he said in the law: “When you go forth to battle against your enemies, and Jehovah your God delivers them into your hands, and you carry them away captive, and see among the captives a beautiful woman, and you have a desire to her, and would take her to you as wife; then you shall bring her home to your house” (Deut. 21:10-14). But, in the law, Jehovah forbids covetousness (Ex. 20:17). If he forbids the desire for the women of the compatriot, and supports the desire for the women of the strangers, he is not a respecter of persons (Acts 10:34). The god of Moses and the God of Peter are not the same. Jesus, however, declares that the desire of the flesh leads surely to hell (Matt. 5:27-30).
- Jehovah tolerated the sins of some, and did not tolerate the sins of others. David committed adultery with Bathsheba, the wife of Uriah, the Hittite, and according to the law they should be both stoned to death: “The man who commits adultery with another man’s wife, even he who commits adultery with his neighbor’s wife, the adulterer and the adulteress shall surely be put to death” (Lev. 20:10). Jehovah, in this case, committed three sins:
- He broke his own law by not killing the offenders.
- Instead of the adulterous David, his chosen one, he killed his son, fruit of the adultery (2 Sam. 12:14-20).
- And instead of the adulterous Bathsheba, Jehovah allowed the death of Uriah, his faithful husband and one of the 37 valiant men of David (2 Sam. 11:14-17; 23:39). What compounds the sin of David is that the very Uriah carried with him the letter that condemned him to death. How cruel! And how did Jehovah allow such a thing? Of course, for Jehovah orders the death of the suckling babies (Deut. 32:22-25). Jesus does not tolerate sin; therefore John, the closest apostle of Jesus, says: “Whoever remains in him doesn’t sin. Whoever sins hasn’t seen him, neither knows him” (1 John 3:6). Christ is so rigorous, that whoever does not do good goes to hell (Matt. 25:41-46). Before conversion, we were slaves to sin, but we are now delivered from sin (Rom. 6:18). We are new creatures, have been born again, and have crucified the flesh (Gal. 5:24). Paul recommends in Col. 3:9-10: “Don’t lie to one another, seeing that you have put off the old man with his doings, and have put on the new man, who is being renewed in knowledge after the image of his Creator”.
Why is there such difference among the men of the old covenant and the men of the new covenant? And why is there such difference among those of Jehovah and those of Christ?
- The men of Jehovah were slaves to the law and to sin (Gal. 4:21-25). The men of Jesus Christ are delivered from slavery (Gal. 5:1-4), from the flesh (Gal. 5:24), and from sin (1 John 3:9).
- The men of the old covenant shall inherit the land and Hell (Ps. 37:29). The saints will inherit Heaven (1 Pet. 1:3-4).
- The men of Jehovah are of this world (Ps. 24:1). Those of Christ are not of this world, and they are here only as pilgrims and strangers to preach the good news of the gospel (Heb. 11:13-16).
By Pastor Olavo Silveira Pereira