Jehovah planted the trees of the Garden of Eden. Let us read the Scripture: “Jehovah God planted a garden eastward, in Eden, and there he put the man whom he had formed. Out of the ground Jehovah God made every tree to grow that is pleasant to the sight, and good for food; the tree of life also in the middle of the garden, and the tree of the knowledge of good and evil” (Gen. 2:8-9).

The Garden of Eden with its trees are a pale figure of the future nations and kingdoms that Jehovah formed and established in history, from Genesis chapter two to our present days. This is why Jehovah, as God of the people of Israel, only, is also God of all nations. Ezekiel, the prophet, reveals this truth: “Behold, the Assyrian was a cedar in Lebanon with beautiful branches, and with a forest-like shade, and of high stature; and its top was among the thick boughs. The waters nourished it, the deep made it to grow: its rivers ran all around its plantation; and it sent out its channels to all the trees of the field” (Ezek. 31:3-4). Assyria was a tree of Lebanon, and the other trees were other nations, for Ezekiel says: “The cedars in the garden of God could not hide it; the fir trees were not like its boughs, and the plane trees were not as its branches; nor was any tree in the garden of God like it in its beauty. I made it beautiful by the multitude of its branches, so that all the trees of Eden, that were in the garden of God, envied it” (Ezek. 31:8-9). Jehovah is the one to declare: “I made it beautiful by the multitude of its branches”. Since Jehovah God was the one who formed the Assyrian kingdom, why is it written that it was the deep that exalted him (verse 4)?

Jehovah is the creator of the deep. Let us look at it: “He laid the foundations of the earth, that it should not be moved forever. You covered it with the deep as with a cloak. The waters stood above the mountains” (Ps. 104:5-6). Solomon confirms this truth: “While as yet he had not made the earth, nor the fields, nor the highest part of the dust of the world. When he prepared the heavens, I was there: when he set a compass upon the face of the depth: When he established the clouds above: when he strengthened the fountains of the deep” (Prov. 8:26-28). According to this text, the deep has powerful sources. Considering that the deep is this world where we live, that is to say, the earth, all nations, peoples, and races live in a hideous pit, and this is the reason why the history of men is made of wars, tyranny, bloodshed, genocide, hatred, greed, treasons, moral flaws, abnormities, paranoia, madness, and false illusions.

The Scripture reveals that the deep existed before the narrative of creation: “Now the earth was formless and empty. Darkness was on the surface of the deep. God’s Spirit was hovering over the surface of the waters” (Gen. 1:2). Solomon said that Jehovah set a circle on the surface of the deep (Prov. 8:27). And in Gen. 1:2 we read that there was darkness over the face of the deep. Connecting all the points we conclude: The darkness that is over the face of the deep is the evil powers, more exactly, fallen angels led by Satan — all done by Jehovah. Prior to Christ Jehovah governed this world through the angels: “Jehovah has established his throne in the heavens. His kingdom rules over all. Praise Jehovah, you angels of his, who are mighty in strength, who fulfill his word, obeying the voice of his word” (Ps. 103:19-20). Paul declares that the angels that govern the world under Jehovah are wicked: “In which you once walked according to the course of this world, according to the prince of the power of the air, the spirit who now works in the children of disobedience” (Eph. 2:2-3). And Paul declares that we should give thanks to the Father who made us worthy to participate in the inheritance of the saints in light; who has delivered us from the powers of darkness and translated us into the kingdom of his beloved Son (Col. 1:12-13).

Now, in the Old Testament we read: “For the kingdom is Jehovah’s. He is the ruler over the nations” (Ps. 22:28). “Jehovah reigns! Let the peoples tremble” (Ps. 99:1). “Who should not fear you, King of the nations? For it appertains to you” (Jer. 10:7)

As the absolute monarch of this world, which is the deep, Jehovah establishes kings and also puts them down. Jehovah handed all the kingdoms in the hands of Nebuchadnezzar, including the kingdom of Judah, which is the throne of Jehovah (Jer. 27:5-8,12,13). “The sentence is by the decree of the watchers, and the demand by the word of the holy ones; to the intent that the living may know that the Most High rules in the kingdom of men, and gives it to whomever he will, and sets up over it the lowest of men” (Dan. 4:17). It is Jehovah the responsible for establishing the tyrants of this world. It was Jehovah who lifted up Nebuchadnezzar, and it was Jehovah who put him down from the throne (Dan. 4:30-31). Jehovah is the one who takes life, and gives it (1 Sam. 2:6; Deut. 32:39). And he said: “Moab is laid waste, and they are gone up into his cities, and his chosen young men are gone down to the slaughter, says the King, whose name is Jehovah of Armies” (Jer. 48:15). As this world where we live is the hideous deep, Jehovah is the king of the deep, and he is the god of the deep.

By Pastor Olavo Silveira Pereira

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