Solomon should not sit on the throne of David, by right. How did that happen? By the law of Jehovah, the first-born should inherit the throne. “If a man has two wives, the one loved and the other unloved, and both the loved and the unloved have born him sons, if the first-born son belongs to the unloved, then it shall be in the day he wills what he has to his sons, he cannot make the son of the loved the first-born before the son of the unloved, who is the first-born. But he shall acknowledge the first-born, the son of the unloved, by giving him a double portion of all that he has, for he is the beginning of his strength; to him belongs the right of the first-born” (Deut.15:17).
David had ten sons, which were Amnon, Daniel, Absalom, Adonijah, Shephatiah, Ithream, Shimea, Shobab, Nathan, and Solomon. These last four were the children of Bathsheba, the wife of Uriah, the Hitite, with whom David committed adultery. He afterwards murdered Uriah, to get rid of him. David had nine other children, besides the children of the concubines. This genealogy is in 1 Chr.3:1-9.
The three first sons of David had already died (Amnon, Daniel, and Absalom). The fourth, Adonijah, by the law of Jehovah, was the legitimate successor of David to the throne. Solomon was the tenth of the lineage, and he did not stand a chance of becoming king. As David was already old and nearing death, Adonijah, his legitimate heir to the throne, started to reign. This is written in 1 Kings 1:1-11. Bathsheba, mother of Solomon, supported by Nathan, the prophet, appeared before David saying, “My lord, you swore to your maidservant by Jehovah your God, saying, ‘Surely your son Solomon shall be king after me, and he shall sit on my throne.’” (1 Kings 1:17-18). David, in order to fulfill his oath in the name of Jehovah, but disobeying the law, unjustly set Solomon on the throne. And this Solomon, with the wisdom of Jehovah, so that he could guarantee the throne, killed his brother Adonijah (1 Kings 2:24-25). If Jehovah had predestined Solomon to be king, there would no need of the murder of his own brother as a guarantee. The divine election of Solomon was as follows: “When your days are complete and you lie down with your fathers, I will raise up your descendants after you, who will come forth from you, who will establish his kingdom. He shall build a house for My name, and I will establish the throne of his kingdom forever” (2 Sam.7:12-13). “I will be his father, and he shall be My son; and I will not take My lovingkindness away from him, as I took it from him who was before you” (1 Chr.17:13). “Your son Solomon is the one who shall build My house and My courts; for I have chosen him to be a son to Me, and I will be a father to him” (1 Chr.28:6). The name SOLOMON, which translated is “peaceful,” was given by Jehovah: “Behold a son will be born to you, who shall be a man of rest; and I will give him rest from all his enemies on every side; FOR HIS NAME SHALL BE SOLOMON, and I will give peace and quiet to Israel in his days” (1 Chr.22:9). It is evident, since these predictions had been made before the birth of Solomon, that Jehovah had programmed the adultery with Bathsheba, even the murder of Uriah, the Hitite. The fact that David did not go to war against the sons of Ammon, and the fact that the great king was leisurely walking about on the terrace of the royal house, and the fact that Bathsheba was showing off naked near the terrace, all of this added to the previous predestination of Solomon give evidence of a supernatural maneuver towards David’s adultery. Now, Jehovah calls himself god, and as such, omniscient, that is, he knew all things before they happened. The major attributes of god are three: omnipotence, omnipresence, and omniscience. God can everything, God is present in all that happens with his people, and God knows all things before they happen. Please read: Is.14:27; 43:13 and Jer.23:23-24. Jehovah declared, “Remember the former things long past, for I am God, and there is no other; I am God, and there is no one like Me, declaring the end from the beginning and from ancient times things which have not been done” (Is.46:9-10).
Three exceptional things happened concerning the king Solomon:
1. David’s oath. Any reader of the Bible can see that Bathsheba set up the adultery, showing herself naked before the king. It is easy to perceive that when she gave herself up to the king, she also demanded the promise. The price that David paid for the sin was a high one, for he broke the law of Jehovah by depriving the first-born of his rights, submissive to the whims of an ambitious and carnal woman.
2. In case of death or incapacity on the side of Adonijah, Shephatiah should reign; after him, Ithream; and after them, the sons of Batesheba: Shimea, Shobab and Nathan, and finally Solomon, the youngest and tenth in the lineage.
3. Solomon, the predestined, full of the wisdom of Jehovah, plundered the people with exacting taxes. After his death the people showed up before his son Rehoboam, now the king, with the following request: “Your father made our yoke hard; therefore lighten the hard service of your father and his heavy yoke which he put on us, and we will serve you” (1 Kings 12:4). Rehoboam, wicked and corrupt, having had not been well brought up by Solomon, his father, who had been too busy with his thousand women and with exploring his people, gave the following answer to the oppressed people: “Whereas my father loaded you with a heavy yoke, I will add to your yoke; my father disciplined you with whips, but I will discipline you with scorpions” (1 Kings 12:11; 1 Kings 14:20-24).
In order to prevent the division of the kingdom of Israel, their corruption and their destruction, the almighty (El Shadai), had to do one only thing: set Adonijah, the first-born, as king in the place of David. But he elected Solomon, knowing that he would be corrupted when he got old. The author of the division of the kingdom and of its destruction was Jehovah. And he was the one who gave the name to Solomon (1 Chr.22:9). The translation of this name is “peaceful.” Jehovah prophesied that Solomon would bring peace and quiet, but Solomon never had peace. The very Jehovah rose up adversaries against Solomon and Israel. The first of them was Hadad, the Edomite (1 Kings 11:14-22). The second was Rezon, an enemy to Israel all the days of Solomon (1 Kings 11:23-25). Jeroboam was the third (1 Kings 11:26). Jeremiah reveals the secret plan of Jehovah to destroy Israel — “Jehovah has done what He purposed; He has accomplished His word which He commanded from days of old. He has thrown down without sparing, and He has caused the enemy to rejoice over you; He has exalted the might of your adversaries” (Lam.2:17).
By Pastor Olavo Silveira Pereira