Who is Beelzebub, whose name was known to the Pharisees in the times of Jesus?
Beelzebub was a Philistine god who manifested himself in the city of Ekron, one of the Philistines’ five cities (Josh. 13:3). Ekron was given to Judah as an inheritance (Josh. 15:45-47,63). Baal was the supreme god of the Canaanite, corresponding to Bel, god of the Babylonians. He was called Baal-Semain (Lord of heaven). Baal means, “lord” in Hebrew. The plural form is Baalin (Judges 2:11). Each place had its own Baal, or divine lord. So, there was Baal-Hazor, Baal-Hermon, Baal-Peor, Baal-Zebub, which were gods of Ekrom.
The word Zvuv in Hebrew is fly, and in our bibles we read Baa-Zebut or Baal-Zebub, that is, the Lord of the Flies. The fly is a disgusting insect transmitting all kinds of sicknesses, because it carries in its furry paws germs gathered from garbage bins where they grow. The typhoid fever and the tuberculosis find in this repulsive insect its most important disseminator. The place of procreation of the flies is the decomposing and rotten substances, and better yet, horses and oxen’s dung. There the female fly lays 100 to 150 white eggs, of about one millimeter each. Larvae resembling worms are born from them. After ten days, comes the fly, which after ten more days is fertilized for another procreation. There are species that keep the larvae in their abdomen and lay them alive. The blowfly—the blue and green fly—puts its larvae in the meat, that is, in the wounds of the animals. These flies procreate in putrid meat, too. The worm-eaten flesh is the result of the blowfly infestation in dogs, oxen, horses, sheep, etc. These sores caused by the fly carry hundreds of worms and kill the animals when they are not treated. There is another kind of sore caused by the Dermatobia Hamimis. This one lays its eggs in other flies, which take them to men, or animal, causing an ulcer.
Well, the god of this filthy army is called Baal-Zebub, the same Beelzebub mentioned in the New Testament. Jesus healed a blind and dumb man, and the Pharisees said: “This man casts out demons only by Beelzebub the ruler of the demons”. Jesus answered them, “If Satan casts out Satan, he is divided against himself. Your fathers cast out demons by Beelzebub, and I cast them out by the Spirit of God, to bring down the kingdom of God” (Matt. 12:22-28).
Jesus said that Beelzebub and Satan were the same person. Satan, therefore, is the Lord of the Flies and of the filth and corruption, and Beelzebub is the prince of demons, the same as Satan (Matt. 12:24). Beelzebub, that is, Satan, is the one that has authority to bring evil spirits, or demons, into things, and make the flies multiply, which brings malignant sicknesses and corruption. Beelzebub shows up with this name for the first time in 2 Kings 1:1-3.
If Beelzebub, better yet, Satan, is the Lord of the flies, that is, the creator of the flies, it is very strange for Jehovah to reveal himself as the lord of the flies in Egypt. “Now the Lord said to Moses, ‘Rise early in the morning and present yourself before Pharaoh, as he comes out to the water, and say to him, ‘Thus says the Lord, “Let My people go, that they may serve Me. For if you will not let My people go, behold, I will send swarms of flies on you and on your servants and on your people and on your houses…”’” (Ex. 8:20,21). And Jehovah did just that, and these swarms deteriorated the earth (Ex. 8:24).
Does the God Jehovah, the holy One of Israel, use the weapons of corruption? Does Jehovah, the Holy One of Israel, use the weapons of Beelzebub? Does Jehovah, the Holy One of Israel, the high and sublime, make use of the schemes of Satan? Does Jehovah descend from his glory to make himself equal to Beelzebub? It is strange and contradictory; it does not make sense; but it has happened. Whatever Beelzebub does, Jehovah does also.
The Apostle Paul said: “For though we walk in the flesh, we do not war according to the flesh, for the weapons of our warfare are not the flesh, but divinely powerful for the destruction of fortresses” (2 Cor. 10:3,4).
Christians do not use the weapons of the carnal non-Christians. Does Jehovah, who is Holy, use the weapons of Satan? “…abstain from every form of evil”, said Paul in 1 Thess. 5:22, and does Jehovah equal Satan by doing the same works? Satan puts evil spirits, and did Jehovah put an evil spirit in Saul? (1 Sam. 16:14). Satan is the father of lies, and did Jehovah put the spirit of lies in the prophets? (1 Kings 22:23). Satan is the deceiver, and did Jehovah put deceit in the lips of the prophets? (Ezek. 14:9 and Rev. 12:9). Satan uses flaming missiles against Christians, and does Jehovah use flaming missiles just like Satan? (Eph. 6:16 and Ps. 7:11-13). Satan is the Prince of darkness, and does Jehovah hide himself in darkness? (Col. 1:12,13; Acts 26:18 and Ps. 18:11).Satan brings sicknesses, and does Jehovah do it, too? (Luke 13:11-16, Deut. 28:61). Satan is the poisonous serpent, and does Jehovah send poisonous serpents? (Rev. 12:9). “I will heap misfortunes on them; I will use My arrows on them. They shall be wasted by famine, and consumed by plague and bitter destruction; and the teeth of beasts I will send upon them, with the venom of crawling things of the dust” (Deut. 32:23,24 and Jer.8:17).
Jesus said: “You will know them by their fruits. Grapes are not gathered from thorn bushes, nor figs from thistles, are they? Even so, every good tree bears good fruit; but the rotten tree bears bad fruit. A good tree cannot produce bad fruit, nor can the rotten tree produce good fruit” (Matt. 7:16-18).
The devil is a bad tree, and does Jehovah produce also the same fruit? Jesus came to destroy the works of the devil, and obviously, to destroy the works of Jehovah, which were also evil. The Father does only what is good (James 1:17). And Jehovah declares himself the author of every evil thing in Amos 3:6. When his works are concerned, Jehovah is the opposite of God the Father.
By Pastor Olavo Silveira Pereira